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Phantoms In The Brain, using a series of case histories, introduces strange and unexplored mental worlds. Ramachandran, through his research into brain damage, has discovered that the brain is continually organising itself in response to change. A woman maintains that her left arm is not paralysed, a young man loses his right arm in a motorcycle accident, yet he continues to feel a phantom arm with vivid sensation of movement. In a series of experiments using nothing more than Q-tips and dribbles of warm water the young man helped Ramachandran discover how the brain is remapped after injury. Ramachandran believes that cases such as these illustrate fundamental principles of how the human brain operates. The brain ‘needs to create a "script" or a story to make sense of the world, a unified and internally consistent belief system.’
Ramachandran’s radical new approach will have far-reaching effects.
John, aged sixty, suffered a stroke and recovered fully, except in one respect: although he can see perfectly, he can no longer recognise faces, even his own reflection in a mirror. Whenever Francesca touches a particular texture, she experiences a vivid emotion: denim = extreme sadness; wax = embarrassment; orange peel = shock. Jimmie, whose left arm was recently amputated, can still feel it - and it's itchy. Our brains are the most enchanting and complex things in the known universe - but what happens when they go wrong? Dr V. S. Ramachandran, 'the Sherlock Holmes of brain science' and one of the world's leading neuroscientists, has spent a lifetime working with patients who suffer from rare and baffling brain conditions. In The Tell-Tale Brain, he tells their stories, and explores what they reveal about the greatest mystery of them all: how our minds work, and what makes each of us so uniquely human.
Neuroscientist V.S. Ramachandran is internationally renowned for uncovering answers to the deep and quirky questions of human nature that few scientists have dared to address. His bold insights about the brain are matched only by the stunning simplicity of his experiments -- using such low-tech tools as cotton swabs, glasses of water and dime-store mirrors. In Phantoms in the Brain, Dr. Ramachandran recounts how his work with patients who have bizarre neurological disorders has shed new light on the deep architecture of the brain, and what these findings tell us about who we are, how we construct our body image, why we laugh or become depressed, why we may believe in God, how we make decisions, deceive ourselves and dream, perhaps even why we're so clever at philosophy, music and art. Some of his most notable cases:
Dr. Ramachandran's inspired medical detective work pushes the boundaries of medicine's last great frontier -- the human mind -- yielding new and provocative insights into the "big questions" about consciousness and the self.
A Brief Tour of Human Consciousness: Back Cover Copy
"Vintage Ramachandran, packed with ideas that are bold, irreverent, original, and ingenious. People who have never thought much about the brain will be intrigued, but so will those who, like me, have spent most of their lives thinking about the brain. It is truly a breath of fresh air."
-David Hubel, Nobel Laureate, Harvard University, author of Eye, Brain, and Vision
"An extraordinary book by a remarkable scientist! Ramachandran is in many ways the modern Paul Broca, the great French neurologist who opened up the biological analysis of higher mental functions by studying patients with brain lesions. In a similar vein Ramachandran has used the study of patients to elucidate a range of fascinating mental functions. His insights have stimulated discussions in neuroscience over the last 25 years. Here is Ramachandran at his best; his most lucid and creative."
-Eric R. Kandel, M.D., Nobel Laureate, Columbia University
" Ramachandran is a latter-day Marco Polo, journeying the silk road of science to strange and exotic Cathays of the mind. He returns laden with phenomenological treasures...which, in his subtle and expert telling, yield more satisfying riches of scientific understanding."
-Richard Dawkins, Oxford University, author of The Blind Watchmaker
"An unusually clever neuroscientist explains baffling cases in neurology and neuropsychiatry and concludes that brain science can now resolve many of the age-old quanderies of philosophers. A thought-provoking, wonderful read."
-Roger Guillemin, Nobel Laureate, The Salk Institute
"Today we' re going through a revolution in neuroscience. The tidal wave of new researchcan be overwhelming, but V. S. Ramachandran, drawing on his own pioneering work on patients, succeeds in creating a witty, elegant introduction to the mysteries and revelations to be found within our skulls."
-Carl Zimmer, author of Soul Made Flesh
"V. S. Ramachandran is one of our most gifted physicians and expositors, and in this new book he illuminates everything he touches--whether it is phantom limbs and how they can be ' cured'; or how the brain can generate illusions and delusions; or synesthesia and its relation to metaphor, creativity, and art; or the ultimate questions of how brain relates to mind." A Brief Tour of Human Consciousness belongs to that rare category of scientific book, one as accessible as it is deep."
Oliver Sacks, M.D.
How can some people come to believe that their poodle is an impostor? Or see colors in numbers? Internationally acclaimed neuroscientist V. S. Ramachandran now shares his unique insight into human consciousness in an entertaining, inspiring, and intellectually dazzling brief tour of the ultimate frontier--the thoughts in our heads.
"A Brief Tour of Human Consciousness is made up of five investigations of the greatest mysteries of the brain. The first chapter shows how amputees feel pain in limbs they no longer have as it introduces the great revolution of our age: neuroscience. The second chapter walks through how what we see determines our thoughts, and demonstrates the counterintuitive point that believing is in fact seeing. The third chapter takes a leap beyond cutting edge science to audaciously set out a general theory of beauty, explaining why, the world over, cultures have fundamentally similar notions of what isattractive. The fourth chapter explores the bizarre world of synesthetes, people who see colors in numbers, textures in smells, sounds in sights, and flavors in sounds. Finally, V. S. Ramachandran, one of the foremost neuroscientists in the world today, sums up the implications of the revolution in our understanding of consciousness to make a fascinating argument about our essential sense of self and its distributed nature.
Take a tour with the perfect guide to one of the strangest places in the natural world, the human mind.
V. S. Ramachandran, M.D., Ph.D., is Director of the Center for Brain and Cognition and Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience at the University of California, San Diego, and Adjunct Professor of Biology at The Salk Institute. He has received many honors and awards including the Presidential Lecture Award from the American Academy of Neurology and the Ramon y Cajal Award from the International Neuropsychiatry Society.
He gave the inaugural keynote lecture at the Decade of the Brain conference held by the National Institute of Mental Health at the Library of Congress. His critically acclaimed "Phantoms in the Brain has been translated into eight languages. "Newsweek has named him a member of "The Century Club"--one of the hundred most prominent people to watch in the twenty-first century.
He lives in Del Mar, California.(c) Copyright Pearson Education. All rights reserved.
Measuring the long-term durability of new types of concrete and
concrete technologies is crucial to their acceptance in the
marketplace. This long-needed handbook of analytical techniques
provides a complete reference to the cutting-edge procedures used
to test today's innovative materials.
Preface ix - Acknowledgments xiii - Abbreviations xv - I. Differential Thermal Analysis Technique - II. Theory and Typical Applications 28 - II.l Theoretical Considerations 28 - II.2 Typical Applications 34 - III. Formation of Portland Cement Clinker and Polymorphism of C3S and C2S 54 - III.1 Formation of Portland Cement Clinker 54 - 111.2 Polymorphism of C3S 71 - III.3 Polymorphism of C2S 75 - IV. Hydration of Portland Cement 81 - IV.l Systems Containing CaO, AI20 a, Si02, and H20 at Ordinary Temperatures 81 - IV.2 Hydration of Portland Cement 88 V. Hydration of Individual Phases in Portland Cement 111 - V.l Hydration of C3A 111 - V.2 Hydration of C3S and B-C2S 127 - V.3 Hydration of the Ferrite Phase 135 - VI. Hydration of C3A in Presence of Salts 139 - VI.1 Hydration of C3A in Presence of Gypsum 139 - VI.2 Hydration of C3A in Presence of Lignosulfonate 155 - VI. 3 Hydration of C3A in Presence of Calcium Chloride 159 - VI.4 Hydration of C3A in Presence of Calcium Carbonate 160 - VII. Autoclaved Cementitious Products 165 - VIII. Non-Portland Cements Based on Silicates and Aluminates 196 - VIII.1 Slags and Slag Cements 196 - VIII.2 High Alumina Cement 206 - VIII.3 Pozzolanas and Pozzolanic Cements 213 - VIII.4 Oil Well Cement 222 - VIII.5 Hydraulic Lime 223 - VIlI.6 Expanding Cement 227 - VIII.7 Acid-Proof Cement 230 - IX. Other Non-Portland Cements 231 - IX.l Magnesium Oxychloride and Oxysulfate Cement 231 - IX.2 Gypsum Plaster 251 - IX.3 Sand-Lime Mortar 271 - IX.4 Phosphate Cement 275 - X. Aggregates 276 - Subject Index 297 - Author Index 303 -
Neuroscientist V. S. Ramachandran is internationally renowned for
uncovering answers to the deep and quirky questions of human nature
that few scientists have dared to address. His bold insights about
the brain are matched only by the stunning simplicity of his
experiments--using such low-tech tools such as cotton swabs,
glasses of water, and dime-store mirrors. In "Phantoms in the
Brain," Dr. Ramachandran recounts how his work with patients who
have bizarre neurological disorders has shed new light on the deep
architecture of the brain, and what these findings tell us about
who we are, how we construct our body image, why we laugh or become
depressed, why we may believe in God, and how we make decisions,
deceive ourselves, and dream. Some of his most notable cases: A
woman paralyzed on the left side of her body who believes she is
lifting a tray of drinks with both hands offers a unique
opportunity to test Freud's theory of denial.
V. S. Ramachandran is at the forefront of his field--so much so
that Richard Dawkins dubbed him the "Marco Polo of neuroscience."
Now, in a major new work, Ramachandran sets his sights on the
mystery of human uniqueness. Taking us to the frontiers of
neurology, he reveals what baffling and extreme case studies can
teach us about normal brain function and how it evolved.
Synesthesia becomes a window into the brain mechanisms that make
some of us more creative than others. And autism--for which
Ramachandran opens a new direction for treatment--gives us a
glimpse of the aspect of being human that we understand least:
From 2005 TMS Annual Meeting to be held in San Francisco, February 13 - 17, 2005 Arsenic has long been a problem associated with the extraction of nonferrous metals. During the last decade, a combination of lower-grade ores and environmental concerns has resulted in accelerated technological developments to meet arsenic challenges. This volume presents the necessary technologies to further advance arsenic metallurgy. Treatment of high arsenic-containing ores and metallurgical streams and wastes are given particular attention. Arsenic metallurgical reactions, process, and environmental technologies are also reviewed. TMS The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society
Since the publication of the first edition 10 years ago, significant developments have occurred in the use of admixtures in concrete. Eight new chapters and a full update of the preceding 10 chapters bring this book up to date; reflecting the relative advances made in the science and technology of different groups of admixtures. The increased role and development of admixtures in concrete technology is evidenced by a number of conferences, publications, and novel admixtures available in the market place. These developments in the field caused the modification of many chapters in the First Edition in order to reflect the advances. Although individual chapters refer to standards and specifications of admixtures, those only interested in the standards or techniques used in investigating admixtures will find the second chapter (Research Technologies, Standards, and Specifications) useful. Admixtures are not as inert as may be presumed. They may chemically interact with the constituents of concrete and affect the properties of the fresh and hardened concrete and its durability. The third chapter deals with these aspects. It was important to devote a chapter to recent attempts in developing new admixtures.
This publication will be useful to many readers including: technologists, practitioners, engineers, architects, concrete manufacturers, material scientists, cement scientists, and students.
V. S. Ramachandran is at the forefront of his field-so much so that Richard Dawkins dubbed him the "Marco Polo of neuroscience." Now, in a major new work, Ramachandran sets his sights on the mystery of human uniqueness. Taking us to the frontiers of neurology, he reveals what baffling and extreme case studies can teach us about normal brain function and how it evolved. Synesthesia becomes a window into the brain mechanisms that make some of us more creative than others. And autism for which Ramachandran opens a new direction for treatment gives us a glimpse of the aspect of being human that we understand least: self-awareness. Ramachandran tackles the most exciting and controversial topics in neurology with a storyteller's eye for compelling case studies and a researcher's flair for new approaches to age-old questions. Tracing the strange links between neurology and behavior, this book unveils a wealth of clues into the deepest mysteries of the human brain."
This comprehensive book containing essential information on the applicability of thermal analysis techniques to evaluate inorganic and organic materials in construction technology should serve as a useful reference for the scientist, engineer, construction technologist, architect, manufacturer, and user of construction materials, standard-writing bodies, and analytical chemists. The material scientists at the National Research Council of Canada have established one of the best thermal analysis laboratories in the world. Various types of thermal analysis techniques have been applied successfully to the investigation of inorganic and organic construction materials. These studies have provided important information on the characterization of raw as well as finished materials, quality control, quantitative estimation, interrelationships between physical, chemical, mechanical, and durability characteristics. Information on the application of thermal analysis to construction materials is dispersed in literature and hence the IRC scientists embarked on producing a handbook, the first of its kind, incorporating the latest knowledge available in this field of activity. Almost all important construction materials have been included.
In this landmark work, V. S. Ramachandran investigates strange, unforgettable cases from patients who believe they are dead to sufferers of phantom limb syndrome. With a storyteller s eye for compelling case studies and a researcher s flair for new approaches to age-old questions, Ramachandran tackles the most exciting and controversial topics in brain science, including language, creativity, and consciousness."
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