Chapters: Copan. Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 39. Not illustrated.
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million books without charge. Excerpt: Copan is an archaeological
site of the Maya civilization located in the Copan Department of
western Honduras, not far from the border with Guatemala. It was
the capital city of a major Classic period kingdom from the 5th to
9th centuries AD. The city was located in the extreme southeast of
the Mesoamerican cultural region, on the frontier with the
Isthmo-Colombian cultural region, and was almost surrounded by
non-Maya peoples. Copan had an occupational history that spanned
more than two thousand years, from the Early Preclassic period
right through to the Postclassic. The city developed a distinctive
sculptural style within the tradition of the lowland Maya, perhaps
to emphasize the Maya ethnicity of the city's rulers. The city has
a historical record that spans the greater part of the Classic
period and has been reconstructed in detail by archaeologists and
epigraphers. Copan, probably called Oxwitik by the Mayans, was a
powerful city ruling a vast kingdom within the southern Maya area.
The city suffered a major political disaster in AD 738 when
Uaxaclajuun Ub'aah K'awiil, one of the greatest kings in Copan's
dynastic history, was captured and executed by his former vassal,
the king of Quirigua. This unexpected defeat resulted in a 17-year
hiatus at the city, during which time Copan may have been subject
to Quirigua in a reversal of fortunes. A significant portion of the
eastern side of the acropolis has been eroded away by the Copan
River, although the river has since been diverted in order to
protect the site from further damage. Location of CopanCopan is
located in western Honduras close to the border with Guatemala.
Copan lies within the municipality of Copan Ruinas in the
department of Copan. It i...http: //booksllc.net/?id=8362
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