Purchase includes free access to book updates online and a free
trial membership in the publisher's book club where you can select
from more than a million books without charge. Excerpt: Zhuge Liang
(traditional Chinese: simplified Chinese: pinyin: Zhg Ling, 181234)
was Chancellor of Shu Han during the Three Kingdoms period of
China. He is often recognised as the greatest and most accomplished
strategist of his era. Often depicted wearing a robe and holding a
fan made of crane feathers, Zhuge was not only an important
military strategist and statesman; he was also an accomplished
scholar and inventor. His reputation as an intelligent and learned
scholar grew even while he was living in relative seclusion,
earning him the nickname "Wlng" (, or "Sleeping Dragon"). Zhuge is
an uncommon two-character compound family name. His name even his
surname alone has become synonymous with intelligence and tactics
in Chinese culture. Zhuge Liang was born in Yangdu County () in
Langya Commandery (), at present-day Yinan County (), Shandong
Province. He was the second of three brothers and became orphaned
at an early age; his mother died when he was nine, and his father
when he was twelve. His uncle raised him and his siblings. When Cao
Cao invaded Shandong in 195, his family was forced to flee south
and his uncle soon died of illness. Both his sisters were married
into notable families with numerous relations in the area. For ten
years he resided in Longzhong Commandery (; in present-day Hubei
province) with his brothers Zhuge Jin and Zhuge Jun (), leading a
simple peasant life farming by day and studying at night. The
Temple of the Marquis of Wu in Chengdu, a temple worshipping Zhuge
Liang.He developed friendships among the local intelligentsia. His
reputation grew and he was nicknamed the "Crouching (or Sleeping)
Dragon," an indication of his wisdom in various fields as his peers
view him. He married the daughter of Huang Chengyan, ... More:
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