Transport is an essential service that must contribute to national
development objectives in health, education, agriculture and other
sectors in guiding sub-Saharan Africa out of poverty. Developing
policies aimed at providing safe, reliable and affordable transport
infrastructure and services can and will make a substantial and
sustainable contribution to eradicating extreme poverty and hunger,
achieving universal primary education, improving health care and
reducing HIV/AIDS. Although transport is identified as a priority
in poverty reduction strategies, it has not generally been
adequately addressed. Global responses tend to focus on rural
transport infrastructure Aiprincipally roads Aiwith little
attention given to sub-sectors such as rivers, lakes, and
railroads; and important geographical and econological differences
are ignored. The needs of the urban poor have been weakly
addressed, as have the access and mobility needs of women, the
disabled and other disadvantaged groups, while strategies for
adapting transport to agricultural production/distribution or
social services (e.g. health and education) have not been
adequately developed. A systematic approach to the development of
sound, comprehensive transport sector programs that provide clear
guidance on what is to be done is much needed.
This volume Aithe product of an expert workshop held at Cornell
University Aos Institute for African Development in May, 2007
Aiprovides accounts of an array of African operational spaces in
which transport is relevant to the Millennium Development Goals. It
addresses many heretofore ignored dimesions of transport Aimobility
issues of the urban poor, of women and children, and issues of
access to employment, education and health services. It provides an
alignment of transport with the MDGs in what proves to be fertile
ground for research with important messages for policy makers and
consequences for policy.
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