This paper deals with the issue of clusters as relatively new tools
of competitiveness in economies and examines their linkage to a
state through cluster policies and initiatives. It focuses on a
theoretical development of the concept, putting down a wide scale
of supportive rationales, presenting also possible risks and
explaining a linkage to innovation and competitiveness.
Furthermore, the paper treats the issue of cluster policies as
possible means of a cluster creation. Emphasis is put on the
justification of the role of state which can take part as either
contributive or disturbing factor. The empirical part of the paper
presents the case of the Czech clustering. The Czech cluster policy
is analyzed concerning its targets, instruments, approaches and
other relevant issues, focusing on shortcomings and problems of the
policy. Finally, a case study of the Moravian-Silesian automotive
cluster is presented. In this part, the particular cluster is
observed with a view to its origin, development and activities. The
endeavor is to compare the case with the classical Porter model and
find out its inadequacies.
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