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CHAPTER II. The Beginning Of Secular Poetry. Teftazanf. Cadi
Burhan-ud-Dfn. The earliest West-Turkish poets, the men whose work
we have been considering, were all avowedly and exclusively
mystics. But before the dawn of the fifteenth century a new note
was struck, and secular, or at least quasi-secular, poetry ? the
eternal blending of love and religion renders dogmatising dangerous
? made its appearance alongside of verse confessedly mystic and
naught beside. Before, however, we turn our attention to the
valiant and adventurous Judge who, so far as we know, was the first
to invoke the new spirit, we shall glance for a moment at a work
which though only a translation calls for a brief mention in these
pages. In his article already referred to, Veled Chelebi, after a
few remarks on cAshiq's Gharfb-Name, goes on to say that the next
work in Turkish poetry is a versified translation of Sacdf's Bustan
or 'Orchard' made in 755 (1354) by the great and famous Persian
schoolman Sacd-ud-Din Mescud-i Teftazanf. Of this translation, I
have seen no other mention; it is not referred to by either Katib
Chelebi or Von Hammer, nor is it spoken of in any work Oriental or
European that has come under my notice. But Vcled Chelebi says that
he has examined it, and quotes a few of the opening lines as a
specimen of its style. These show that Teftazanf's version is in
the same metre as the original and, if they are fairly
representative of the whole, that his translation is very close.
There are in Turkish several commentaries on the Bustan, notably
those by Sururf, Shemcf, and S,idf, aM of whom nourished in the
sixteenth century; but I am not aware of any other translation.
Teftazanf, the translator, is one of the greatest scholars of
Islam; it is he who resuscitated Muhammedan learnin...
|Country of origin:
Elias John Wilkinson Gibb
||246 x 189 x 8mm (L x W x T)
||Paperback - Trade
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