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Need of Brain Rest. It follows from these truths that in order to
maintain brain efficiency we must supply the necessary conditions
of repose and alternation of activity. After a certain amount of
work the brain should be allowed to repose as a whole. An
approximate condition of repose is reached by play, which by
calling forth the muscles into easy and familiar modes of activity
relieves the higher centres of attention and thought. Within these
limits of extreme and general fatigue of the brain, efficiency can
only be secured by varying the kind of work so as not to tax any
one region of the brain overmuch. A change from manual to vocal
exercise in the Kinder-garten may be taken as an illustration of
this rule. Relation of Psychology to other Sciences. Psychology is
a positive science dealing with a certain class of phenomena, and
to this extent is on a level, or co-ordinate, with the special
physical sciences, as chemistry, botany, and so on. Not only so,
owing to the connection between nervous and mental processes,
psychology enters, as we have seen, into a peculiar relation with
physiology. On the other hand, psychology is above, and
complementary to, the special sciences. For in considering mind, it
views knowing as a mental phenomenon, as an operation or process in
our mental life. Thus all knowing, whether of chemistry, botany, or
physiology, inasmuch as it is the activity of some mind or knowing
subject, is a part of the subject-matter of psychology. In other
words, mental science considers what goes on in the miud when we
know. On the other hand, it does PLACE OF PSYCHOLOGY AMONG BCIENCES
. 15 not enquire into the truth or falsity of this knowing. It
simply views the process of knowing on its subjective side, and
leaves the consideration of knowledge on its ob...
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