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Orontes IV (Armenian:, Yervand IV) was the son of King Arsames and
is recorded as ruling Armenia from inscriptions found at the
historic capital of the Orontid dynasty, Armavir. In his reign the
religious site of Bagaran was founded. Large bronze statues in the
Hellenistic style of the gods, Zeus (Aramazd), Artemis (Anahit) and
Herakles (Vahagn) were brought there and set up in temples
dedicated to them. He is also said to have founded a shrine at
Armavir dedicated to Apollo (Mithra), a golden statue of four
horses pulling a chariot with Apollo as god of the Sun. This was
later destroyed by the Sassanid Persian army in the 4th century AD.
King Antiochus III instigated a revolt against King Orontes IV.
Strabo, who wrote about this 200 years later, stated that it was
general Artaxias I, who was also an Orontid, who overthrew King
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