Household well-being is directly linked with the conservation
program launched in buffer zone community, which is also reflected
in Pithauli Buffer Zone VDC of Chitwan National Park. The study was
conducted in randomly sampled 70 households, 30 vegetation plots.
The forest patches in Pithauli VDC decreased by 37.52% between 1978
and 1992. But there is appreciable increase in forest area in 2000
by 61.8% after the delineation of buffer zone and handing over the
forest to the community. In spite of this success, the Buffer Zone
forest can sustainably fulfill 31.32% and 1.02% of household annual
fuel wood and fodder demand. The deficit is largely met through the
Park and private lands. However; people extract 66.75% of fuel wood
and 17.65% of fodder demand from buffer zone forest indicating the
over harvesting of resources may exist. A great majority of
households were indifferent to the Buffer Zone activities carried
out and the budget they share. Rhinos were considered the most
destructive animal creating crop damage to the villagers. The
damage of agriculture products in each year caused by rhinos made
the local people behave adversely on park and park management.
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