Global warming is the most dreaded problem of new millennium.
Greenhouse gases (GHGs) are mainly responsible for global warming.
Electricity generation based on fossil fuel is major source of
emission of GHGs. In India about 52% of total electricity is
generated using coal. Indian agriculture consumes about 30% of its
total electricity. There is vast scope in minimizing the GHG
emissions caused by power consumption in agriculture by adopting
energy efficiency tool like micro irrigation. India is the world's
largest producer of banana having about 27% share of the global
output. Banana is one of the major consumers of water and energy.
Hence, a pilot study was conducted on banana crop in Jalgaon,
Maharashtra for evaluating energy efficiency micro irrigation
system (MIS) and flood irrigation (FI). The study revealed water
and electricity saving in micro irrigation against the flood
irrigation. Also, potential of gaining carbon credits by switching
from FI to MIS for 5,000 ha area under banana crop was 11,750 tCO2e
or carbon credits. Thus, micro irrigation has a definite role in
minimising impacts of climate change on Indian agriculture by
reducing consumption of water and energy.
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