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Pages: 27. Chapters: Medium-range ballistic missiles of the United
States, Blue Streak, MGM-31 Pershing, PGM-19 Jupiter, Agni-II,
Shahab-3, Blue Water, Vertikal, R-12 Dvina, Ghauri, Redstone, Hera,
Rodong-1, Ghauri-II, R-14 Usovaya, Ashoura, Shahab-2, Shahab-1,
DF-25, Rodong-2, ROF Blackburn. Excerpt: Pershing was a family of
solid-fueled two-stage medium-range ballistic missiles designed and
built by Martin Marietta to replace the PGM-11 Redstone missile as
the United States Army's primary theater-level weapon. The Pershing
systems lasted over 30 years from the first test version in 1960
through final elimination in 1991. It was named for General John J.
Pershing. The systems were managed by the U.S. Army Missile Command
(MICOM) and deployed by the Field Artillery Branch. In 1956, George
Bunker, the president of The Martin Company, paid a courtesy call
on General John Medaris of the Army Ballistic Missile Agency (ABMA)
at Redstone Arsenal. Medaris noted that it would be advantageous to
the Army if there were a missile plant in the vicinity of Cape
Canaveral. Martin began construction of their Sand Lake facility in
Orlando, Florida and opened it in late 1957. Ed Uhl, co-inventor of
the bazooka, was the vice president and general manager of the new
facility. The U.S. Army began studies in 1956 for a ballistic
missile with a required range of 500-750 nautical miles (930-1,390
km; 580-860 mi). Later that year, Secretary of Defense Charles E.
Wilson issued the Wilson Memorandum that stripped the U.S. Army of
all missiles with a range of 200 miles (320 km) or greater. When
the memorandum was rescinded in 1958, ABMA began development.
Initially called the Redstone-S, where the S meant solid
propellant, the name was quickly changed to Pershing. Seven
companies were selected to provide proposals: Chrysler, Lockheed,
Douglas, Convair, Firestone, ...
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