Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of
articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online.
Pages: 107. Chapters: Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, History of
the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Order of precedence in the
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Constitution of May 3, 1791,
Offices in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Union of Lublin,
History of Poland in the Early Modern era, Union of Krewo, Union of
Horod o, Jagiellonian tapestries, Administrative division of the
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Election Sejm of 1632, Union of
Vilnius and Radom, Union of Mielnik, Union of Grodno,
Polish-Ottoman alliance, Bishops of the Polish-Lithuanian
Commonwealth, Union of Krakow and Vilna, Coat of arms of the
Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, Reciprocal Guarantee of Two
Nations, Antemurale Christianitatis, Sanok Land, Free election,
1573. Excerpt: History of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth
(1648-1764) covers a period in the history of Poland and Lithuania,
from the time their joint state became the playground of wars and
invasions fought on a great scale in the middle of the 17th
century, to the beginning of the rule of Stanis aw August
Poniatowski, the last king of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
From the mid 17th century, the nobles' democracy, subjected to
devastating wars, falling into internal disorder and then anarchy,
gradually declined, making the once powerful Commonwealth
vulnerable to foreign intervention. In 1648 the Cossack Khmelnytsky
Uprising engulfed the south and east, and was soon followed by a
Swedish invasion, which raged through core Polish lands. Warfare
with the Cossacks and Russia left Ukraine divided, with the eastern
part, lost by the Commonwealth, becoming the Tsardom's dependency.
John III Sobieski, fighting protracted wars with the Ottoman
Empire, revived the Commonwealth's military might once more, in
process helping decisively in 1683 to deliver Vienna from a Turkish
onslaught. From there it all...
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