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In the Struggle for Freedom (Paperback) Loot Price: R577
Discovery Miles 5 770
In the Struggle for Freedom (Paperback): Vladko Macek
In the Struggle for Freedom (Paperback): Vladko Macek

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In the Struggle for Freedom (Paperback)

Vladko Macek

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Loot Price R577 Discovery Miles 5 770

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Vladko Macek (1879-1964) was born in a small Croatian village and received his law degree in 1903 from the University of Zagreb. One of the early members of the Croatian Peasant Party, he was closely associated with its founders, Ante and Stephen Radic. After the dissolution of the Habsburg empire, Croatia became a part of the new Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes, and the Croatian Peasant Party emerged as one of the strongest political factions. Elected to the Belgrade Constituent Assembly in 1920, the author became head of the party when Stephen Radic was assassinated in 1928. But King Alexander established a personal dictatorship the following year, and Macek was imprisoned until after the king himself was murdered in 1934. During the latter half of the decade, the Croatian Peasant Party cooperated with several Serbian parties, and despite rigged elections, the combined opposition almost ousted the government in 1938. The deteriorating international situation finally forced composition of Serb-Croat differences, and Croatia was granted substantial autonomy in the sporazum (agreement) of August 1939. Macek became vice-premier in the Belgrade government, and Yugoslavia's worst internal problem seemed solved. But with the collapse of France in 1940, the threat from Hitler and Mussolini became acute, and Yugoslavia was finally forced to adhere to the Tripartite Pact (Germany-Italy-Japan). When a coup d'etat by pro-Allied officers in Belgrade reversed the situation on March 27, 1941, Macek at first refused to have any part in the new government. At the same time he rebuffed all Axis approaches and, as the German consulate in Zagreb reported on April 3, "categorically rejected any discussion about an independent Greater Croatia." That afternoon he agreed to resume his old post as vice-premier. Germany attacked Yugoslavia three days later, however, and on April 16 the government fled to Greece. But Macek refused to leave the country and instead returned to Croatia, where he remained in prison or under house arrest until May 1945, when he and his family were able to flee to Austria and the protection of the U.S. Army. After the war the author settled in Washington, D.C., where he helped found the International Peasant Union, representing the suppressed peasant parties of eastern Europe. "Few memoirs are so revealing and rewarding as these," writes E. C. Helmreich; "there may be those who differ with him, but his account of what happened rings true." Not the least of the rewards are Macek's judgments of men and politics, as relevant in 1969 as they were in 1939-for example, his observation that "peasants are the least tempted to become leftists: long political experience has taught me that it is the educated, or semi-educated people, who are most apt to become extremists either of the left or of the right." Or his defense of a voting age of twenty-four in the Croatian electoral law: it "may seem reactionary to some people. But I was convinced then that young people do not have enough experience to size up a given political situation and objectively decide intricate political issues. The fact that Hitler, Mussolini, Pavelic and the Communists recruited their most ardent followers among immature youngsters has done nothing to change my opinion."

General

Imprint: Pennsylvania State University Press
Country of origin: United States
Release date: September 2014
Authors: Vladko Macek
Dimensions: 216 x 140 x 19mm (L x W x T)
Format: Paperback - Trade
Pages: 280
ISBN-13: 978-0-271-06665-3
Barcode: 9780271066653
Categories: Books > Social sciences > Politics & government > Political science & theory
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Books > Humanities > History > European history
Books > History > European history
Books > History > European history > General
Books > Humanities > History > European history > General
Books > Humanities > History > World history > From 1900
Books > History > World history > From 1900
Books > History > World history > From 1900 > General
Books > Humanities > History > World history > From 1900 > General
LSN: 0-271-06665-2

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