This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text.
Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book
(without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated.
1905 Excerpt: ...corner of Australia. The Southern Ocean washes the
whole southern shore of Australia, and may fairly be extended to
include all the Tasman Sea. It runs down the western shores of New
Zealand, and thence continues southward to the antarctic continent,
near Cape Adair, where the Atlantic-coast type of Wilkes Land joins
the Pacific-coast type of Victoria Land. The whole Pacific is one
geographical unit. It is bounded entirely by coasts of the Pacific
type. If we limit the Southern Ocean to the great ocean-belt that
extends from South America and Graham's Land on the west, past
South Africa to New Zealand on the east, it also may be regarded as
an independent geographical unit, bounded by coasts of the Atlantic
type. The general idea as to the nature of the Southern Ocean at
the close of the work of the "Challenger" expedition is well
expressed in Wyld's "Thalassa." It was thought that the South
Pacific consisted of one vast depression, occupying the area
between the South Pacific island-chain and the northern boundary of
the shallower water beside the antarctic lands. The Southern
Atlantic was represented as two troughs, separated by a ridge down
the central line of the Atlantic. South of the Cape there was
thought to be another trough from 2,000 to 3,000 fathoms deep,
connecting the deep basin of the eastern Atlantic with the main
basin of the Indian Ocean. The platform on the southern border of
the Atlantic and Indian Oceans was regarded as an extension of the
antarctic plateau, while the deep troughs of the Southern Atlantic
and Indian Oceans were the channels by which the cold water, which
chills the deeper waters of the great oceans, flows slowly north
from the Antarctic. The work of the last five years has changed
most of that. The &q...
|Country of origin:
||246 x 189 x 14mm (L x W x T)
||Paperback - Trade
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