This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text.
Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book
(without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated.
1895. Excerpt: ... CHAPTER V. THE GREEK CITIES. I Have already
stated that between 650 B.C. and 338 B.C. the Greek communities
with the exception of Sparta are to be classed as city states, or
communities in which a walled city is of supreme importance and the
rural districts count for very little. It seems right to place the
beginning of the city states so early as 650 B.C., because at that
time three out of the four communities of which we have records
were ruled oppressively by bodies of magnates who lived in the
cities or close to them, and who owed their power to the protection
of the city walls and to the facilities for concerted action which
they gained from living close to a common centre. It must however
be admitted that the evidence of the great importance of the cities
is not so clear at the early date which I have named as it is a
century later, in the age of the tyrants. The examination of the
political institutions of the Greek cities will be divided into
four parts: I. The early aristocracies and oligarchies; II. The
tyrannies; III. The democracies and the later oligarchies; IV. The
conquest of Greece by Macedonia. I. The early aristocracies and
oligarchies. Before the year 650 B.C. the heroic monarchies had
ceased to exist in all the more important Greek peoples and other
governments had taken their place. Of the process of the change
from the old tribal system to other systems we have no contemporary
records in any case: and traditions even of a later date are absent
except in regard to Corinth, Megara, Athens and Argos. At Corinth
it is said that in 745 B.C. the members of the royal family, two
hundred in number, deposed the king Aristomenes, and took the
control of the state into their own possession, electing one of
their own number every year to act as ...
General Books LLC
|Country of origin:
Basil Edward Hammond
||246 x 189 x 2mm (L x W x T)
||Paperback - Trade
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