Aristoxenus of Tarentum was reported to have been bitterly
disappointed when Theophrastus was chosen instead of him to succeed
Aristotle as the head of the Peripatetic School. He had a truly
phenomenal output of some 453 volumes, most of which survive only
in fragments. He was the most famous music theorist in antiquity
and came to be referred to simply as "the musician." In addition,
he was a founder of Greek biography and wrote the life histories of
Pythagoras, Archytas, Socrates, and Plato among others.
This volume includes eleven selections, which are almost evenly
divided between his work in music theory and biography. There is a
chapter on his general biographical method as well as chapters on
his specific treatments of the Pythagoreans, Socrates, and Plato.
There are chapters evaluating the extent to which Aristoxenus was a
historian of music, his account of music therapy, his views on
musical "character," the use of instruments and empiricism in his
harmonic theory, and his relation to the "Neoclassical" Greek
composers of the fourth century.
This volume includes: "Did Aristoxenus Write Musical History?,"
Andrew Barker; "Instruments and Empiricism in Aristoxenus' Elementa
harmonica," David Creese; "Aristoxenus and Musical Ethos," Eleonora
Rocconi; "Aristoxenus and Music Therapy: Fr. 26 Wehrli Within the
Tradition on Music and Catharsis," Antonella Provenza; "Aristoxenus
and the "Neoclassicists," Timothy Power; "Apollonius on
Theophrastus on Aristoxenus," William W. Fortenbaugh; "Aristoxenus'
Biographical Method," Stefan Schorn; "Aristoxenus and the
Pythagoreans," Leonid Zhmud; "Aristoxenus' Life of Socrates," Carl
A. Huffman; "Aristoxenus' Life of Plato," John Dillon; and
"Aristoxenus and the Early Academy," Andrew Barker. Spanning close
to three full decades, Transaction's Rutgers University Studies in
Classical Humanities Series continues to pioneer in the field of
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