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CHAPTER II EMANCIPATION PRIOR TO 1831 IN the sixteenth and
seventeenth centuries, Dutch, French, Portuguese, Spanish, English,
and American vessels brought many thousands of negroes from Africa,
and sold them as slaves in the British West Indies and in the
British-American colonies. William Goodell, a distinguished
Abolitionist writer, tells us1 that "in the importation of slaves
for the Southern colonies the merchants of New England competed
with those of New York and the South" (which never had much
shipping). "They appear indeed to have outstripped them, and to
have almost monopolized at one time the profits of this detestable
trade. Boston, Salem, and Newburyport in Massachusetts, and Newport
and Bristol in Rhode Island, amassed, in the persons of a few of
their citizens, vast sums of this rapidly acquired and ill-gotten
wealth."1 1 "Slavery and Anti-Slavery," 3d ed., 1885. 1 Am.
Archives, 4th series, vol. I, p. 696. tlb.,p. 1136. a/i.,p. 735.
The slaves coming to America went chiefly to the Southern colonies,
because there only was slave labor profitable. The laws and
conditions under which these negroes were sold in the American
colonies were precisely the same as in the West Indies, except that
the whites in the islands, so far as is known, never objected,
whereas the records show that earnest protests came from Virginia1
and also from Georgia2 and North Carolina.8 The King of England was
interested in the profits of the iniquitous trade and all protests
were in vain. Of the rightfulness, however, of slavery itself there
was but little question in the minds of Christian peoples until the
closing years of the eighteenth century. Then the cruelties
practised by ship-masters in the Middle Passage attracted
attention, and then came gradually a revolution in public ...
|Country of origin:
Hilary Abner Herbert
||246 x 189 x 3mm (L x W x T)
||Paperback - Trade
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