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Books > Medicine > Other branches of medicine > Psychiatry

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Recent Advances in Biological Psychiatry - The Proceedings of the Twenty-Second Annual Convention and Scientific Program of the Society of Biological Psychiatry, Detroit, Michigan, May 5-7, 1967 (Paperback, Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1968) Loot Price: R1,623
Discovery Miles 16 230
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Recent Advances in Biological Psychiatry - The Proceedings of the Twenty-Second Annual Convention and Scientific Program of the...

Recent Advances in Biological Psychiatry - The Proceedings of the Twenty-Second Annual Convention and Scientific Program of the Society of Biological Psychiatry, Detroit, Michigan, May 5-7, 1967 (Paperback, Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1968)

Joseph Wortis

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Loot Price R1,623 Discovery Miles 16 230 | Repayment Terms: R151 pm x 12*

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A method of behavioral control which utilizes nutritive sucking as the operant has been evolved in our laboratory. Using this technique we studied the role of arousal and learning in the development of environ- mental control over earliest feeding behavior. Few of the infants in our studies were able to coordinate their sucking behavior to arbitrary operant-discrimination schedules, but when the individual pattern of suck- ing was taken into consideration, some infants rapidly adapted to the reinforcement schedule. Data from various reinforcement schedules suggest that earliest mothering involves a mutual adaptation in which the nurturing environment approximates and then entrains the infant's feeding behavior by a perceptive manipulation of the infant's state of arousal. Coordination between the infant and its environment sets the stage for associative learning, which develops following maturation of the infant's discriminative and response capacities. The process of behavioral acquisition begins with unconditioned feeding responses, which are transformed into complex learned behavior through the mediation of an appropriately reinforcing environment. The infants studied showed individual differences in susceptibility to environmental control and in response to frustration. The relative importance of arousal and learning as determinants of infant behavior are discussed and a hypothetical model for the earliest mother-infant relationship is proposed.

General

Imprint: Springer-Verlag New York
Country of origin: United States
Release date: December 2012
First published: 1968
Authors: Joseph Wortis
Dimensions: 229 x 152 x 18mm (L x W x T)
Format: Paperback
Pages: 328
Edition: Softcover reprint of the original 1st ed. 1968
ISBN-13: 978-1-4684-9074-9
Categories: Books > Medicine > Other branches of medicine
Books > Medicine > Other branches of medicine > Psychiatry
LSN: 1-4684-9074-5
Barcode: 9781468490749

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