High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! The additive
increase/multiplicative-decrease (AIMD) algorithm is a feedback
control algorithm used in TCP Congestion Avoidance. AIMD combines
linear growth of the congestion window with an exponential
reduction when a congestion takes place. The approach taken is to
increase the transmission rate (window size), probing for usable
bandwidth, until loss occurs. The policy of additive increase may,
for instance, increase the congestion window by 1 MSS (Maximum
segment size) every RTT (Round Trip Time) until a loss is detected.
When loss is detected, the policy is changed to be one of
multiplicative decrease, which may, for instance, cut the
congestion window in half after loss. The result is a saw-tooth
behavior that represents the probe for bandwidth.
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