This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text.
Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book
(without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated.
1892. Excerpt: ... CHAPTER XXI. POLITICAL OPINIONS. Five national
parties in the field--The Oregon Question
irritates--Tariff--Internal improvements--Slavery--Mr. Clay's
compromises--Taylor and his three hundred slaves--Taylor a Whig,
but never a partisan--Defines his principles in the Allison
letter--Daniel Webster's feeling--Democratic Baltimore Convention
of 1848--Whig Philadelphia Convention--Taylor nominated by a large
majority. There seemed to be such a universal call, judging only by
the letters and extracts from the public journals which General
Taylor received, that for a time he felt that, if he were a
candidate for the office of President, he might have what he had
coveted--that is to say, men of all parties supporting him. But
practically, at the close of the Mexican War, there were at least
five parties in the field, all striving for national recognition.
First, the Democratic party, which, strange to say, had greatly
lost its popularity during its successful contest with Mexico;
second, the Whig party, in which the two great orators and
statesmen, Clay and Webster, were the acknowledged leaders; third,
the Free-Soil party, just then headed by an ex-President, Martin
Van Buren--a party which was mainly drawn from both of the old
organizations, and which planted itself simply upon the ground that
all acquired territory should be forever free; fourth, the Liberty
party, which was indeed the outand-out Abolition party, advocating
the immediate freeing of the slaves without regard to other
consequences; and, fifth, what was known as " the American party,"
holding tenaciously to the idea that native Americans should bear
rule in the United States. So that in the political field there
were just then a multitude of combatants and great turmoil, and, as
the names of th...
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