This book's main goal is to show readers how to use the linguistic
theory of Noam Chomsky, called Universal Grammar, to represent
English, French, and German on a computer using the Prolog computer
language. In so doing, it presents a follow-the-dots approach to
natural language processing, linguistic theory, artificial
intelligence, and expert systems. The basic idea is to introduce
meaningful answers to significant problems involved in representing
human language data on a computer. The book offers a hands-on
approach to anyone who wishes to gain a perspective on natural
language processing -- the computational analysis of human language
data. All of the examples are illustrated using computer programs.
The optimal way for a person to get started is to run these
existing programs to gain an understanding of how they work. After
gaining familiarity, readers can begin to modify the programs, and
eventually write their own. The first six chapters take a reader
who has never heard of non-procedural, backtracking, declarative
languages like Prolog and, using 29 full page diagrams and 75
programs, detail how to represent a lexicon of English on a
computer. A bibliography is programmed into a Prolog database to
show how linguists can manipulate the symbols used in formal
representations, including braces and brackets. The next three
chapters use 74 full page diagrams and 38 programs to show how data
structures (subcategorization, selection, phrase marker) and
processes (top-down, bottom-up, parsing, recursion) crucial in
Chomsky's theory can be explicitly formulated into a
constraint-based grammar and implemented in Prolog. The Prolog
interpreters provided with the book are basically identical to the
high priced Prologs, but they lack the speed and memory capacities.
They are ideal since anything learned about these Prologs carries
over unmodified to C-Prolog and Quintas on the mainframes. Anyone
who studies the prolog implementations of the lexicons and
syntactic principles of combination should be able to use Prolog to
represent their own linguistic data on the most complex Prolog
computer available, whether their data derive from syntactic
theory, semantics, sociolinguistics, bilingualism, language
acquisition, language learning, or some related area in which the
grammatical patterns of words and phrases are more crucial than
concepts of quantity. The printed examples illustrate C-Prolog on
an Ultrix Vax, a standard university configuration. The disk
included with the book contains shareware version of Prolog-2 (IBM
PC) and MacProlog (Macintosh) plus versions of the programs that
run on C-Prolog, Quintas, Prolog-2, and MacProlog. Appendix II
contains information about how to use the Internet, Gopher,
CompuServe, and the free More BBS to download the latest copies of
Prolog, programs, lexicons, and parsers. All figures (100+) in the
book are available scaled to make full size transparencies for
class lectures. Valuable special features of this volume include: *
more than 100 full page diagrams illustrating the basic concepts of
natural language processing, Prolog, and Chomsky's linguistic
theories; * more than 100 programs -- illustrated in at least one
script file -- showing how to encode the representations and
derivations of generative grammar into Prolog; * more than 100
session files guiding readers through their own hands-on sessions
with the programs illustrating Chomsky's theory; * a 3.5" disk (IBM
Format) containing: 1. all programs in versions to run in C-Prolog
or Quintas Prolog on an Ultrix Vax, and on an IBM PC and a
Macintosh, 2. a shareware version of Prolog-2 for IBM PC clones
which runs all programs in the book, 3. a shareware version of
MacProlog for Macintosh which runs all programs in the book; *
instructions on using Internet, CompuServe, and the free More BBS
to download the latest copies of Prolog, programs, lexicons, and
parsers; and * numerous references enabling interested students to
pursue questions at greater depth by consulting the items in the
Is the information for this product incomplete, wrong or inappropriate?
Let us know about it.
Does this product have an incorrect or missing image?
Send us a new image.
Is this product missing categories?
Add more categories.
Review This Product
No reviews yet - be the first to create one!