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Pages: 32. Chapters: Library of Alexandria, Library of Sir Thomas
Browne, Burning of Jaffna library, John Mein, Za uski Library,
Villa of the Papyri, House of Wisdom, Bytown Mechanics' Institute,
Mechanic Apprentices Library Association, Library of Ashurbanipal,
Mercantile Library Association, List of larger libraries in the
ancient world, Benjamin Guild, Boston Library Society, William
Pelham, Petrarch's library, Hannibal Square Library, Sampson R.
Urbino, Bibliotheca Palatina, Imperial Library of Constantinople,
Library of Pergamum, Pinakes, Society to Encourage Studies at Home,
William Blagrove, Malatestiana Library, House of Knowledge, Boston
Medical Library. Excerpt: The Royal Library of Alexandria, or
Ancient Library of Alexandria, in Alexandria, Egypt, was the
largest and most significant great library of the ancient world. It
flourished under the patronage of the Ptolemaic dynasty and
functioned as a major center of scholarship from its construction
in the 3rd century BC until the Roman conquest of Egypt in 30 BC.
The library was conceived and opened either during the reign of
Ptolemy I Soter (323-283 BC) or during the reign of his son Ptolemy
II (283-246 BC). Plutarch (AD 46-120) wrote that during his visit
to Alexandria in 48 BC Julius Caesar "accidentally" burned the
library down when he set fire to his own ships to frustrate
Achillas' attempt to limit his ability to communicate by sea. After
its destruction, scholars used a "daughter library" in a temple
known as the Serapeum, located in another part of the city.
Intended both as a commemoration and an emulation of the original,
the Bibliotheca Alexandrina was inaugurated in 2002 near the site
of the old library. In 2004, a Polish-Egyptian excavation team
announced that they had discovered the remains of the Library of
Alexandria. The Ancient Library of AlexandriaAccording t...
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