Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of
articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online.
Pages: 24. Chapters: Italian Code of Criminal Procedure, Basaglia
Law, Pier Giuseppe Monateri, Italian nationality law, Italian
Senior Civil Service, Constitution of Italy, University of Turin,
Faculty of Law, Article 41-bis prison regime, Abortion in Italy,
Urbino European Law Seminar, Murder, Statuto Albertino, Italian
Device Registration, List of University of Turin, Faculty of Law
people, Liberta condizionata, Television licensing in Italy,
Surveillance court, Catasto, Life imprisonment in Italy,
Indicazione geografica tipica, Lodo Alfano, Prodotto agroalimentare
tradizionale. Excerpt: The Italian Code of Criminal Procedure
contains the rules governing criminal procedure in every court in
Italy. The first and initial code in the Italian Republic was
established by the Fascist Government in 1930 and was kept until
1988. This code adopted an inquisitorial system. In 1988, a new
code was enacted that chose to abandon the inquisitorial system but
did not complete full transition to an adversarial system; the
resulting system could be considered to be somewhere in between.
The main parties to a criminal trial are the Judge, the defendant
and the Pubblico Ministero (the prosecutor). There are other
parties that are optional, and they are: the Polizia Giudiziaria
(Judiciary Police, a branch of the Police whose duty is to help a
prosecutor during his investigations), the parte lesa (the injured
party), the responsabile civile (civilly liable, who can be
compelled to pay damages, if the defendant is not solvent) and the
civilmente obbligato per la pena pecuniaria (civilly liable, who
can be compelled to pay the fines, if the defendant is not
solvent). The Pubblico Ministero (the public prosecutor) is the one
who, during the preliminary investigations, must look for evidence.
Since he is a member of the Judiciary (technically, a Magistrato -
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