This historic book may have numerous typos, missing text or index.
Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book
(without typos) from the publisher. 1828. Not illustrated. Excerpt:
... No. XXXV. SIGNATURE OF COLUMBUS. As every thing respecting
Columbus is full of interest, his signature has been a matter of
some discussion. It partook of the pedantic and bigoted character
of the age, and perhaps of the peculiar character of the man, who,
considering himself mysteriously elected and set apart from among
men for certain great purposes, adopted a correspondent formality
and solemnity in all his concerns. His signature was as follows: S.
S. A. S. X. M. Y. XPO FERENS. The first half of the signature, XPO
(for CHRISTO), is in Greek letters; the second, FERENS, is in
Latin. Such was the usage of those days; and even at present hoth
Greek and Roman letters are used in signatures and inscriptions in
Spain. The ciphers or initials above the signature are supposed to
represent a pious ejaculation. To read them, one must begin with
the lower letters, and connect them with those above. Signor Geo.
Batista Spotorno conjectures them to mean either Xristus
(Christus), Sancta Maria, Yosephus, or Salva me, Xristus, Maria,
Yosephus. The NorthAmerican Review for April, 1827, suggests the
substitution of Jesus for Josephus, which appears an improvement on
the suggestion of Spotorno. It was an ancient usage in Spain, and
it has not entirely gone by, to accompany the signature with some
words of religious purport. One object of this practice was to show
the writer to be a Christian. This was of some importance in a
country in which Jews and Mahometans were proscribed and
persecuted. Don Fernando, son to Columbus, says that his father,
when he took his pen in hand, usually commenced by writing "Jesus
cum Maria sit nobis in via;" and the book which the admiral
prepared and sent to the sovereigns, containing the prophecies
which he considered as referring to his discov...
General Books LLC
|Country of origin:
||246 x 189 x 5mm (L x W x T)
||Paperback - Trade
Is the information for this product incomplete, wrong or inappropriate?
Let us know about it.
Does this product have an incorrect or missing image?
Send us a new image.
Is this product missing categories?
Add more categories.
Review This Product
No reviews yet - be the first to create one!